Descendants of the Pawtucket are living in Abenaki, Pequaket, Penobscot, and Micmac communities today in Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, and Nova Scotia.
Author: Mary Ellen Lepionka
The Story Behind the Story of Wigwam Hill
Politics of the Archives Redux: Indigenous History of Indigenous Peoples of Essex County, Massachusetts
Who Were the Agawam Indians, Really?
The Tragedy of the Wilderness: The Colonists and Indian Land, Part 4
Featured image: North Conway, 1907. The White Mountain National Forest was established in 1918. In New England townships, common lands became increasingly smaller with each subdivision through distribution, sale, or inheritance. As commons shrank, conflicts over herding grew. The number and sizes of herds had to be regulated, as some settlers paid herdsmen to tend… Continue reading The Tragedy of the Wilderness: The Colonists and Indian Land, Part 4
“Brought to Civility” — The Colonists and Indian Land, Part 2
Native American Influence on English Fashions
In contact situations in the early 17th century, Europeans were quick to grasp the essential humanity of Native Americans and admired their appearance and physical fitness. Soon, upper-class English wore American feathers and furs, Native Americans prized English woven fabrics and garments, especially tailored shirts.
Resources for local Native American history and dialects
Read: Who Were the Agawam Indians Really? Mary Ellen Lepionka's Sources Sources for Algonquian place names include William Bright’s Native American Place Names of the United States (2004, see especially pp. 32, 41, 554, and 571); R. Douglas-Lithgow’s Native American Place Names of Massachusetts and his Native American Place Names of New Hampshire and Maine… Continue reading Resources for local Native American history and dialects
Ancient Prejudice against “the Indians” Persists in Essex County Today
Disorder in the Corn Fields: The Colonists and Indian Land, Part 3
“That we may avoid the least scrupulo of intrusion” – The Colonists and Indian Land, Part I
Manitou in Context
The creator power was regarded as the equal of other powers in the skyworld and the underworld, but it is Kitanitowit’s Gitchi Manitou that ascended to prominence under the influence of Christianity. Of all the great spirits, it most resembled the Christian God and was transformed accordingly during the Contact Period.